Kulanjan Oil (Alpinia galanga (Linn) Wild)

Kulanjan Oil
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Botanical name   Alpinia galanga (Linn) Wild

Family  Zingiberaceae

Source Rhizomes

Origin  Indonesia

Processing Method  Steam Distillation

Color/Consistency  Yellow to olive brown liquid

Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma 

Blends With  Camphor and Ylang-Ylang

Product Abstract

Greater galangal grows to a height of 1.8 m and has long, elegant, blade-like leaves. The flowers are green and white with red tips. Rhizome is built up from cylindrical subunits (circular cross-section), whose pale-reddish surface is characteristically cross-striped by reddish-brown, small rings. The interior has about the same colour as the skin and is hard and woody in texture


The plant grows from rhizomes in clumps of stiff stalks up to 2 m in height with abundant long leaves that bear red fruit. It is native to South Asia and indonesia and cultivated in Malaysia, Laos and Thailand. A. galanga is the galangal used most often in cookery. The robust rhizome has a sharp, sweet taste and smells like a blend of Balck pepper and pine needles.The red fruit is used in traditional Chinese medicine and has a flavor similar to cardamom.  

Harvesting/Extraction Information

Kulanjan Oil comes from an erect robust perennial herb. The oil is extracted through steam distillation process from the dried part of roots. Well recognized for its anti-microbial, anti-ulcer and other medicinal properties, it is useful in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis.

Common Usage

  • Anti-microbial property
  • Anti-ulcer activity
  • Anti-tumour activity
  • Anabolic effects
  • Anti-hepatotoxic effects
  • Useful in various lipid disorders 


Dilute before use; for external use only. May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.

Key constituents

1,8-Cineole 49.6%

b-Pinene 6.6%

a-Pinene 5.8%

a-Terpineol 5.0%

Camphene 4.6%

(þ)-Limonene 4.0%

d-Cadinene 2.5%

g-Cadinene 2.1%

Terpinen-4-ol 1.9%

p-Cymene 1.6%

(E)-a-Bergamotene 1.6%

Camphor 1.0%

Safety summary
Hazards Essential oils high in 1,8-cineole can cause CNS and breathing problems in young children.
Contraindications Do not apply to or near the face of infants or children.

Regulatory guidelines Has GRAS status.

Organ-specific effects
Adverse skin reactions No information found.!
Reproductive toxicity  The low reproductive toxicity of 1,8-cineole, and monoterpenes such as a-pinene and (þ)-limoneneSuggest that lesser galangaloil is not hazardous in pregnancy.

Systemic effects
Acute toxicity  No information found for lesser galangal oil. 1,8-Cineole has been reported to cause serious poisoning in young children when accidentally instilled into the nose.

Carcinogenic/anticarcinogenic potential  Lesser galangal oil showed moderate chemopreventive activity against human mouth epidermal carcinoma (KB) cells and significant activity against mouse leukemia cells, with respective IC50 values of 0.722 and 0.083 mg/mL. Galangal rhizome oil (type unspecified) significantly induces glutathione S-transferase activity in mouse tissues. The oil contains no known carcinogens. 1,8-Cineole is non-mutagenic and shows no evidence of carcinogenesis in rodents; (þ)-limonene is anticarcinogenic.

The plant is widely cultivated in Southeast Asia. Also see Maraba oil.

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