Calamus Root Essential Oil (Acorus calamus)

Calamus Root Essential Oil
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In Stock 100% PURE & NATURAL
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Botanical Name  Acorus calamus

Family  Araceae

Origin  India

 Source Root

Description / Color / Consistency

Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma Calamus Root has a faintly sweet, waxy scent with a base note and medium aroma.

Blends With  Lavender, Tea tree, Rosemary, Clary Sage, Geranium and Marjoram.

Product Abstract

Only plants that grow in water bear flowers. The solid, triangular flower-stems rise from the axils of the outer leaves. A semi-erect spadix emerges from one side of the flower stem. The spadix is solid, cylindrical, tapers at each end, and is 5 to 10 cm in length. A covering spathe, as is usual with Acoraceae, is absent. The spadix is densely crowded with tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Each flower contains six petals and stamens enclosed in a perianth with six divisions, surrounding a three-celled, oblong ovary with a sessile stigma. The flowers are sweetly fragrant. In Europe, it flowers for about a month in late spring or early summer, but usually does not bear fruit. The fruit is a berry filled with mucus, which when ripe falls into the water and thus disperses. Even in Asia, it fruits sparingly, and propagates itself mainly by growth of its rhizome, forming colonies.


The Bible mentions its use in the holy anointing oil ( Exodus 30: 23). Although probably not native to Egypt, this plant was already mentioned in the Chester Beatty papyrus dating to approximately 1300 BC. The ancient Egyptians rarely mentioned the plant in medicinal contexts  but it was certainly used to make perfumes.

Harvesting/Extraction Information

Calamus is a perennial herb, 30 to 100 cm tall. In habit it resembles the Iris. It consists of tufts of basal leaves that rise from a spreading rhizome. The leaves are erect yellowish-green, radical, with pink sheathing at their bases, sword-shaped, flat and narrow, tapering into a long, acute point, and have parallel veins. The leaves have smooth edges, which can be wavy or crimped.

Common Usage

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Laxative and Diuretic
  • Counteract the Side Effects of Hallucinogens
  • Mild Pain Reliever


Dilute before use; for external use only. May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.

Key constituents

Shyobunones  13.0–45.0%

Acorenone  9.0–13.0%

Preisocalamendiol  7.0–12.0%

Acoroneþisoacarone  8.0–10.0%

Isocalamendiol  2.0–3.0%

b-Sesquiphellandrene  0–3.0%

Calamendiol   1.0%

a-Cadinol  1.0%

d-Cadinene  1.0%

Safety summary

Hazards  None known.
Contraindications  None known.

Organ-specific effects

Adverse skin reactions   No information found for diploid calamus oil, or any of its major constituents. Systemic effects.
Acute toxicity  No information found for diploid calamus oil, or any of its major constituents.

Carcinogenic/anticarcinogenic potential  No information ! found for diploid calamus oil, but it contains no known carcinogens. a-Cadinol is active against the human colon cancer cell line HT-29.

The diploid form of calamus is found in North America and Siberia. This cytotype of Acorus calamus, which contains no b-asarone, has been identified by DNA sequencing. However, the toxicology of this type of oil and its major constituents remains unknown.

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