Clove Leaf Indonesia Essential Oil Rectified (Syzygium aromaticum L.)

Clove Leaf Indonesia Essential Oil Rectified
  • Clove Leaf Indonesia Essential Oil Rectified 1
  • Clove Leaf Indonesia Essential Oil Rectified 2
  • Clove Leaf Indonesia Essential Oil Rectified 3
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Botanical name Syzygium aromaticum L.

Botanical synonym  Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb., Eugenia aromatica L.

Family Myrtaceae

Source  Leaves

Origin Indonesia

Processing Method Steam Distilled

Color/Consistency A clear pale yellow to yellow liquid of medium consistency.

Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma  A middle note of medium aroma, Clove Bud Essential Oil smells like the actual spice.

Blends With Blends well with other spice oils including Cinnamon Bar, Nutmeg, Citronella, Grapefruit, Lemon, Orange, Peppermint, Rosemary and Rose.

Product Abstract

Indigenous to Indonesia and Madagascar, cloves can be found in nature as the unopened pink flower buds of the evergreen tree.

Picked by hand the buds and flowewrs  are dried until they turn brown and, after grinding them, the powder is used in cooking or converted into an essential oil for various medicinal purposes.

Unlike most other spices, cloves can be grown throughout the entire year, which has given native tribes that use it a distinct advantage over other cultures because the health benefits can be enjoyed more readily.


Archeologists have found cloves in a ceramic vessel in Syria, with evidence that dates the find to within a few years of 1721 BC. In the third century BC, a Chinese leader in the Han Dynasty required those who addressed him to chew cloves to freshen their breath. Cloves were traded by Muslim sailors and merchants during the Middle Ages in the profitable Indian Ocean trade, the clove trade is also mentioned by Ibn Battula and even famous Arabian Nights characters such as Sinbad the Sailor are known to have bought and sold cloves from India.

Extraction Information

Essential oil from clove buds and  flowers with CO2 was explored. The effect of different parameters, such as temperature pressure and particle size on the extraction yield and the content of eugenol in extracts was investigated using three-level orthogonal array design. The experimental results show that the temperature has the largest effect on the eugenol content of the extracts, and particle size has the maximum effect on the oil yield.

Common Usage

  • Dental Care
  • Skin Care
  • Boosts Immune System
  • Lowers Stress
  • Eliminates Headache
  • Treats Respiratory problems
  • Relieves Earaches
  • Treats Indigestion
  • Reduces Nausea
  • Increases Blood Circulation
  • Purifies Blood
  • Prevents Premature Ejaculation
  • Treats Cholera
  • Controls Diabetes
  • Prevents Cancer


Clove oil is often added in cosmetic creams and lotions, and it is commonly known as a good massage oil that provides relief from pain and stress.

Key constituents

Eugenol 77.0–88.0%

b-Caryophyllene 3.5–6.4%

a-Caryophyllene 0.8–1.4%

Eugenyl acetate    tr

Quality May be adulterated with clove stem oil.

Hazards  Drug interaction may inhibit blood clotting; embryotoxicity; skin sensitization; mucous membrane irritation.

Cautions (oral)  May interact with pethidine, MAOIs or SSRIs. Anticoagulant medication, major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia, other bleeding disorders.

Cautions (dermal)  Hypersensitive, diseased or damaged skin, children under 2 years of age. Maximum dermal use level: 0.6%.

Our safety advice
We recommend a dermal maximum of 0.6% based on 88% eugenol content and a limit of 0.5%. As with the essential oil  no restrictions are required, in our opinion, with regard to  carcinogenesis.

Regulatory guidelines
IFRA recommends a maximum dermal use level for eugenol of 0.5% for most product types, in order to avoid skin sensitization.

Organ-specific effects
Adverse skin reactions  In a mouse local lymph node assay, which allows comparative measuring of skin sensitizing potency, clove leaf oil was a weak sensitizer, with a similar potency to eugenol. Undiluted clove leaf oil was markedly irritating to rabbits, and was irritating to both mice and pigs; tested at 5% on 25 volunteers it was neither irritating nor sensitizing. Clove leaf oil was is non-phototoxic. From a total of 11,632 patch tests on  eugenol, consumer products containing eugenol, or on clove leaf oil, one instance of induced hypersensitivity at 0.05%, and one instance of pre-existing sensitization at 0.09% were observed. See clove bud profile for data on adverse skin reactions to clove oil.

Cardiovascular effects  Eugenol is a powerful inhibitor of platelet aggregation, an essential step in the blood clotting cascade.

Systemic effects

  • Acute toxicity, human
  • Acute toxicity, animal
  • Antioxidant/pro-oxidant activity
  • Drug interactions

The most commonly used type of clove oil is clove bud.

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