Cypriol Oil (Cyperus scariosus)

Cypriol Oil
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Botanical name Cyperus scariosus

Botanical synonym  Cyperus scariosus R. Br.

Family  Cupressaceae

Source  Rhizomes

Origin India

Processing Method Steam Distilled


Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma  Woody and deep with smoky notes of leather. Adds a distinctive and interesting note to masculine or unisex perfumes.

Blends With  Bergamot, Black Pepper,Cassia, Cedarwood Atlantic, Cedarwood Himalayan, Cinnamon Leaf, Clary Sage, Geranium, Grapefruit Pink, Jasmine Grand, Jasmine Sambac, May Chang, Myrrh, Neroli, Orange Sweet, Osmanthus, Patchouli, Rose Morocco, Sandalwood, Tangerine, Vanilla, Ylang-Ylang.

Product Abstract

Cypriol is an herbaceous plant with morphology similar to papyrus plants, as both plants are members of the Cyperus genus. The erect, angular stems bear short, slender, brilliant-green leaves. The aromatic rhizomes form a dense root system. The plants grow in riverbeds in India’s Madhya Pradesh state. To produce the essential oil, the roots and rhizomes are harvested from April to June by members of neighboring tribes. The raw material is collected in the villages and transported to the production plant. The roots are washed and dried in the same way as vetiver roots. Cypriol/Nagarmotha essential oil has a tenacious, woody-earthy smell with a spicy note.


Indian women use it to perfume their saris. Use of the oil is prevalent in the East, but not much in the West, with the notable exception of the famous perfume, Xeryus. This 1986 perfume developed by Givenchy used cypriol oil to give a floral, woody fragrance reminding those who smell it of the Orients.

Extraction Information

Cypriol essential oil, or Nagarmotha, from steam distilled dried roots of Cyperus scariosus, exudes a tenacious aroma similar to Vetiver and Oud. Cypriol, known in India as Nagarmotha, works well in Oriental and Woody masculine or unisex perfumes.

Common Usage

  • Diarrhea
  • Hair Removal
  • Wound healing
  • Diabetes
  • Getting rid of intestinal worms
  • Skin infections


Dilute well before use; for external use only. May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.

Key constituents

Cyperene  15.8–24.4%

Isopatchoulenone 2.3–16.5%

Corymbolone  3.2–11.9%

Patchoulenone 0.8–7.6%

Isopatchoul-3-ene  2.3–7.5%

Rotundone  3.5–5.1%

Rotundene 0–4.8%

Patchouli alcohol <3.5%

a-Copaene  <3.2%

b-Selinene 2.2–3.0%

Agarol 1.2–2.5%

Patchoulanol 0–2.2%

Calamenol <2.1%

Isopatchouli -3,5-diene 0–2.0%

Rotundenol 0.9–1.9%

ar-Himachalene <1.9%

3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzaldehyde 0–1.9%

Cyperolone <1.6%

Myrtenol 0–1.5%

Valencene <1.4%

d-Cadinene <1.3%

a-Selinene <1.3%

(Z)-Pinocarveol 0–1.0%

Safety summary
Hazards  None known.
Contraindications  None known

Organ-specific effects No information found for nagarmotha oil or most of its constituents.

Systemic effects
Acute toxicity  No information found for nagarmotha oil ormost of its constituents.
Carcinogenic/anticarcinogenic potential  No information!  found for nagarmotha oil, but it contains no known carcinogens.

Limited availability.

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