Botanical name Griseb Dipterocarpus Turbinatus Balsam
Source Balsamic resin
Processing Method Steam Distillation
Color/Consistency Pale yellow to amber clear oily liquid with Fresh, nutty scent.
Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma Mild woody sweet notes, hint of conifer aroma
Blends With Ambrette seed, amyl benzoate
The gurjun balsam oil is used within the perfume industry and also has various medicinal uses. It helps to stimulate the heart and increase blood pressure. It also finds application in the treatment of rheumatic pain and several skin problems such as diaper rash, bedsores, eczemas and wounds. Gurjun Balsam, dipterocarpus subspecies balsam exuded from living trees is a natural fixative and a low cost way to add longer life and lower cost in soaps
Celebrated often as a key commercial timber species, the woods of this tree is considered vital in making of plywood. These notable reddish brown woods have been used in various countries including China, Cambodia, India and Yunnan. The resin extracted from the woods is used in making torches in Cambodia and the wood is employed in tea cabinet work, wood work and for sawing.
Gurjun Balsam essential oil produced by steam distillation of resin gum from the Dipterocarpus turbinatus tree in Indonesia is prized in natural perfumery as an inexpensive fixative. Gurjun Balsam has the ability to round out rough edges and bring aromatic notes together in a seamless cohesive manner. Sometimes referred to as East Indian Copaiba Balsam but there is no botanical relationship between Gurjun and Copaiba Balasam.
Dilute well before use; for external use only. May be toxic in high concentrations, and can cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.
Hazards None known.
Contraindications None known.
Adverse skin reactions Undiluted gurjun balsam oil was not irritating to rabbit, pig or mouse skin; tested at 8% on 25 volunteers it was neither irritating nor sensitizing. It is non-phototoxic.
Acute toxicity Non-toxic. Gurjun balsam oil acute oral LD50 in rats >5 g/kg acute dermal LD50 in rabbits >5 g/kg.
Carcinogenic/anticarcinogenic potential No information found! for gurjun balsam oil, but it contains no known carcinogens.
Other chemotypes apparently exist, with either a-copaene or calarene as the major constituent. Gurjun balsam oil is a common adulterant of patchouli oil.